Project: Community Engagement in Disaster Risk Reduction
Since the earthquake in 2010, Dr. Janet Lin has been continuing work in Haiti to improve the capacity of the citizens of Haiti to respond to disasters by understanding risks and hazards and reducing vulnerabilities, primarily at the community level.
Disaster Risk Reduction is “The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events.” (UNISDR)
To provide capacity building and increase resilience of Haitians through partnerships that integrate education, research, and service and promote long-term relationships and build sustainable health system programs.
We send healthcare professionals, including fellows, residents, medical students, nurses, masters in public health students, etc to provide identified and needed clinical care, which also exposes university faculty, staff, and students to global health work.
Specific Programs to Date
- Chicago Medical Response to the Earthquake in Haiti. Coordinated medical response (primarily, physician and nurse deployments) in partnership with International Medical Corps for six months following the devastating earthquake in January 2010. January 2010-June 2010.
- Rebuilding the Medical Education system in Haiti. An international and multi-institutional consortium working to coordinate a rebuilding and restructuring of the Haitian medical education system. Ongoing meetings.
- Partnership with local organizations with existing relationships in Haiti (including Project Eden, DuSable Heritage Association, United Nations Association of Chicago) to improve healthcare. December 2010-present
Delmas and Bel-Air, Port-au-Prince. Planned expansion and test of adaptability of program.
Delmas and Thomassin, Port-au-Prince. Follow up on participant ‘next’ action plans from initial training. In addition, we conducted short course on Disaster Risk Reduction adapted for a Haitian school of social work incorporating mental health.
Delmas, Port-au-Prince. Disaster Risk Reduction Training Program. Pilot tested a community-informed training program that addressed three content domains: (1) defining hazards, risks, and vulnerabilities, (2) identifying protective factors and community assets, and (3) developing community engagement strategies to assess, mitigate, and manage environmental threats.
Delmas, Port-au-Prince. Testing Community-Informed Disaster Risk Reduction Activities and initiation of community engagement. We developed six activities based on community engagement and DRR literature and carried out a week-long program that sought to determine knowledge acquisition of disaster related content and acceptability of the activities.
Delmas, Port-au-Prince. An assessment of the local capacity of resources and providers within Delmas to determine existing infrastructure within the local community.
Delmas, Port-au-Prince. Community Disaster Assessment conducted with the community, clinic, and local government. We utilized cluster sampling of neighborhoods with systematic random sampling of households in Delmas. In addition, we held key informant interviews with members from the Office of the Mayor of Delmas and Delmas Medical Clinic. Bridging the gap between knowledge and practice of disaster preparedness.
Carrefour, Port-au-Prince. Clinical care and health care assessment within a Haitian-run Internally Displaced Persons camp. Provided care for more than 2200 patients in a six-day period with a team of U.S. and Haitian physicians. The health care assessment comprised 5 different components that included key informants, focus groups, a sampling of camp residents, geographical records (GPS), and the patient registry.
January – June 2010
Immediate Disaster Response through the Chicago Haiti Consortium. Provided a series of health volunteers coordinated through a humanitarian aid organization for the duration of their presence in Haiti.
Support for any portion of medical/healthcare trips. Support can be provided for:
- Transportation, Lodging, Medications, Medical supplies
- Research/assessment project and or materials
- Funding an individual for costs related to a trip